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    Yanchuk A.O., Skiba V.Ya., Katerinchuk I.P., Kuznichenko S.O., Skiba O.V.

    EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY AND MONITORING OF DENTAL MORBIDITY IN CHILDREN OF UKRAINE


    About the author: Yanchuk A.O., Skiba V.Ya., Katerinchuk I.P., Kuznichenko S.O., Skiba O.V.
    Heading CLINICAL MEDICINE
    Type of article Scentific article
    Annotation In recent years, much attention has been paid to the use of health statistics in the study of trends in the development of diseases, as well as the level and forms of assistance. Performing epidemiological studies is necessary for prediction of dental morbidity, optimization of preventive measures in specific conditions, taking into account the influence of natural and social factors. Monitoring of dental morbidity in adults and children permits to study changes in the level, structure and damage of oral tissues, to estimate the magnitude and nature of changes, to identify the main trends that determine them, and to plan the volume of dental care delivery and preventive measures. For the establishment of a national bank for dental diseases, it is necessary to study the representative number of surveyed regions representing the various biogeochemical features of the country, as well as different contingents of the population. At the same time in each particular region it is necessary to carry out dental examinations in regional centers, cities, suburban and rural areas, which characterize different living conditions of the population. The purpose of the study was to analyze the epidemiology of dental morbidity in the infant population of Ukraine during the period from 1960 to 2017 in order to establish a national bank for dental illness. The assessment of dental status was carried out in children of three key age groups: 6-7, 12 and 15 years old in the central, southern and western regions of Ukraine. Each group of children surveyed consisted of 40 children. In compliance with the recommendations of the WHO [6], the age of 6-7 years was chosen to assess the extent and severity of caries lesions in temporary occlusion teeth. In 12-year-old children, the morbidity of dental caries with permanent bite was evaluated; in 15-year-olds, lesions of periodontal tissues were also evaluated. The article presents the study results on the prevalence and intensity of dental morbidity with caries, fluorosis, periodontal diseases and the prevalence of dental anomalies based on mass examinations of children in Ukraine starting from 1960 to 2017. Analysis of the changes in the prevalence and intensity of dental caries in 12 years old children showed that from 1960 to In 1985, these figures increased significantly in both urban and rural areas. The findings suggest that fluoridation of drinking water leads to a significant reduction in dental caries. Monitoring of dental incidence shows that in 12-years old children, the prevalence and intensity of dental caries starting from 1985 to 2017 has reduced, possibly due to the emergence of effective preventive agents (toothpastes, elixirs). The results obtained indicate the need for continuous monitoring of dental morbidity in children of Ukraine in connection with changes in the biochemical living conditions and constant correction of therapeutic and preventive measures that are being taken.
    Tags epidemiology, monitoring
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    Publication of the article «World of Medicine and Biology» №2(68), 2019 year, 154-158 pages, index UDK 616.31:614.2-053.2/.6
    DOI 10.26724/2079-8334-2019-2-68-154-158