EnglishУкраїнська
  • Main
  • Useful links
  • Information for Contributors
  • About
  • Editorial board

  • Article
    Rymsha S.V., Ratsyborynska-Polyakova N.V., Gavrylyuk A.O.

    FEATURES OF LONG-TERM MENTAL DISORDERS IN THE VICTIMS OF CHERNOBYL ACCIDENT


    About the author: Rymsha S.V., Ratsyborynska-Polyakova N.V., Gavrylyuk A.O.
    Heading CLINICAL MEDICINE
    Type of article Scentific article
    Annotation The purpose of the work was to study the features of the clinical structure, the pathopsychological and pathophysiological mechanisms of mental disorders formation in the victims of the Chornobyl accident in the long term. The study of the mental status in the liquidators - ІІІ groups of complex survey - 202 persons – liquidators of the Chernobyl disaster, that worked in 1988 in 30 – kilometer zone, the radiation level ranged from 0.2 to 25 Gy - took into account the system of risk factors, which included social, radiological, medical aspects, social factors including hypokinesia, unsustainable diet, smoking, alcohol consumption and radiological factors. In the affected by the Chernobyl accident in 1986 long-term consequences for mental health were revealed, mental disorders were found to be dependent on the dose and the relationship between the severity of lesions and radiation symptoms. The study of the liquidators’ health can extend the understanding of the relationship between PTSD, depression, risk of internal diseases and recovery. According to our data, the central element in the structure of psychopathological manifestations is psycho-vegetative syndrome with affective accompaniment. Thus, the conclusion was made that psychosocial effects of stress as a result of Chernobyl disaster shows how important it is to continue monitoring of the mental health in the population to establish the relationship between mental well-being, physical illness and mortality.
    Tags Chornobyl catastrophe, liquidators’ health status, radiation damage, mental disorders due to irradiation
    Bibliography
    • Bromet E.J. Posledstviya chernobyilskoy katastrofyi dlya psihicheskogo zdorovya - «Vestnik Assotsiatsii psihiatrov Ukrainyi» (02) 2012 - http://www.mif-ua.com/archive/issue-34084/ - [In Russian].
    • Burtovaya EYu, Kantina TE, Litvinchuk EA, Cheban AYu, Akleev AV. Kharakteristika otdalennykh astenicheskikh rasstroystv u lits, podvergshikhsya khronicheskomu radiatsionnomu vozdeystviyu. Klinicheskie, biologicheskie, psikhologicheskie aspekty psikhiatrii i narkologii. Materialy mezhregionalnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem pod redaktsiey D.M. Ivashinenko. 2016; 13-18. Dostupno na: elibrary.ru. [in Russian]
    • Vaynshteyn LA, Stozharov AN, Hayashida N, Takahashi J. Psikhologicheskie podkhody i analiz stressovykh sostoyaniy cheloveka pri deystvii radiatsionnogo faktora.Big Data and Advanced Analytics. 2019; 5: 92-99. [in Russian]
    • Kostyuchenko SI. Analiz obsuzhdeniya v fokus-gruppakh problem, svyazannykh so zdorovyem i posledstviyami Chernobylskoy katastrofy, sredi zhiteley Beloy Tserkvi. Vestnik Assotsiatsii psikhiatrov Ukrainy. 2013; (01). Dostupno na: http://www.mif-ua.com/archive/issue-34119/ - [in Russian].
    • Adams R.E., Guey L.T., Gluzman S.F., Bromet E.J. Psychological wellbeing and risk perceptions of mothers in Kyiv, Ukraine, 19 years after the Chornobyl disaster // Int. J. Soc. Psychiatry. - 2011 Nov. - 57(6). - 637-645.
    • Вromet EJ. Emotional consequences of nuclear power plant disasters. 2014; 106(2): 206-10.
    • Bromet E.J., Guey L.T., Taormina D.P., Carlson G.A., Havenaar J.M., Kotov R., Gluzman S.F. Growing up in the shadow of Chornobyl: adolescents’ risk perceptions and mental health // Soc. Psychiatry Psychiatr. Epidemiol. — 2011 May. — 46(5). — 393­402.
    • Bromet E.J., Havenaar J.M., Guey L.T. A 25 year retrospective review of the psychological consequences of the Chernobyl accident // Clin. Oncol. - 2011. - 23. - 297-305.
    • Bromet E.J. Mental health consequences of the Chernobyl disaster. J. Radiol. Prot. 2012; 32(1): 71-75.
    • Fukasawa M, Kawakami N, Umeda M, Miyamoto K, Akiyama T, Horikoshi N, Yasumura S, Yabe H. Environmental radiation level, radiation anxiety, and psychological distress of non-evacuee residents in Fukushima five years after the Great East Japan Earthquake: Multilevel analyses
    • - SSM - Population Health journal. 2017. Available at: 2352-8273/© 2017. - Р.1-12 - home page: www.elsevier.com. doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2017.09.002.
    • Kim Y., Tsutsumi A., Izutsu T., Kawamura N., Miyazaki T., Kikkawa T. Persistent distress after psychological exposure to the Nagasaki atomic bomb explosion // Br. J. Psychiatry. - 2011. - 199. - 411-16.
    • Loganovsky KN, Zdanevich NA. Cerebral basis of posttraumatic stress disorder following the Chernobyl disaster. CNS Spectrums. 2013; 18(2): 95-102. doi: 10.1017/S109285291200096X. Epub 2013 Feb 27.
    • Matsuoka Y., Nishi D., Nakaya N., Sone T., Noguchi H., Hamazaki K., Hamazaki T., Koido Y. Concern over radiation exposure and psychological distress among rescue workers following the Great East Japan Earthquake // BMC Public Health. - 2012 May 15; 12: 249.
    • Samet JM, Patel SS The Psychological and Welfare Consequences of the Chernobyl Disaster: A Systematic Literature Review, Focus Group Findings, and Future Directions, April 18, 2011 Available at: http://globalhealth.usc.edu and www.greencross.ch.
    Publication of the article «World of Medicine and Biology» №2(72), 2020 year, 103-108 pages, index UDK 616.89:621.039.586
    DOI 10.26724/2079-8334-2020-2-72-103-108