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    Нorodуnska O.Y., Bobyryova L.E.

    IODINE DEFICIENCY AS A FACTOR OF THE THYROID PATHOLOGY DEVELOPMENT IN THE POLTAVA REGION


    About the author: Нorodуnska O.Y., Bobyryova L.E.
    Heading CLINICAL MEDICINE
    Type of article Scentific article
    Annotation Iodine deficiency – a problem for the entire territory of Ukraine. It varies only in severity – from mild on the East, South and centre of the country, to moderate and severe in the mountainous areas of the Carpathians. The purpose of the work was to analyze the thyroid pathology in the Poltava region in the conditions of iodine deficiency. Assessment of the ecological situation in the Poltava region shows that this region is the zone of moderate iodine deficiency because a decline in the iodine content is observed in all aquifers of Poltava region. The preventive measures must be permanent, because iodine deficiency is impossible to eliminate, as the environmental problem. The world and domestic experience shows that the cessation of prevention leads to a rapid the increase of the frequency of iodine deficiency diseases in the population. Prevention of iodine deficiency diseases is much more effective than the treatment of the iodine deficiency effects, especially since some of them (mental retardation, cretinism) are almost irreversible. Thus in the development of endemic goiter the environmental conditions of a region play a big role. The inductor of thyroid pathology in general is iodine deficiency, both direct and relative, the main cause of which is anthropogenic pollution (fluoride, of radionuclide, etc.). That is endemic goiter or iodine deficiency has regional differences related to the environmental conditions of that particular region.
    Tags thyroid gland, thyroid pathology, iodine deficiency disease, iodine, fluorine, radionuclide contamination
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    Publication of the article «World of Medicine and Biology» №2(72), 2020 year, 036-039 pages, index UDK 616.441:616-02:616.391:546.15(477.53)
    DOI 10.26724/2079-8334-2020-2-72-36-39